Gardening

How To Take Care of Cardamom Plant

How To Take Care of Cardamom Plant



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How To Take Care of Cardamom Plant

Botanical Name

Cardamom (Cardamomum electria)

Synonyms

:

Costus Reflexus, Costata Electory, Electory Costita Lam, Elettaria Decumbens, Electoria Fissifolia, Elettaria Limii, Elettaria Novoguineensis, Elettaria Officinalis, Elettaria Officinalis, Electory Pseudomemo, Elettaria Ranunculoides, Eletturia Scabertima, Elettaria lattaria, elected, stipulated, Elettaria Taiwanian. Trigona, Fagara Costa, Fagra costata, Fagra Elliptica, Fagra Lutescens, Fagra Nobilis, Faguli Fagulosa, Fagagle Sub -ieruta, Fagra Tricolor, Fasula cost, Fasula Sachalaca, Fixura cost, fixed Elliptica, Fissura Lutescens, Fissura Nobilis, Fixura Papulosa, fixed Taiwanian, Fissura Tricolor, Fissurella cost, Fissurella Grandiflora, Fissurella stipulated, Taiwanian fixurella

Etymology

(from Latin)

Meaning: Pepper

Date of Origin

(Confused with azadirachta indicates)

Country of Origin

: Indonesia

Mode of Propagation

:

seeding

Fruit Parts Used

Fruit and Their Various Parts.

Fruits

:

Endocarp, Calyx, Keel, Seed, Flower

Shoots and their Various Parts.

Shoots

:

Leaf Sheath, Stem, Flower

Flowers

:

Collecting Flowers and Fruit

Flowers

:

Types of different parts

Flowers

:

Stamens, Carpels, Ligules, Calyxes, etc.

Flowers

:

Small Flower, Medium Flower, Large Flower, False Flower, Fleshy, Berry, Ovary, etc.

Root parts

Root part

:

Basal Root, Stem Root

Nutrition Facts

Nutrition facts are from the USDA National Nutrient Database.

History

Cardamom (Costus Reflexus) is a Herbaceous Perenial Plant Belonging to the Ginger Family (Zingberaceae), Native to Warm Temperate and Tropical Areas Throughout The World. It is popularly known in English as cardamom, and by many other names. The Scientific Name Is Costus Reflexus L., Costus Rhombifolius Hand. Mazz., Costus Rhombifolius Hand. Mazz., Costus Racemosus (Klotzsch) Choisy, Costus Spinosus L., Costus Strausianus Bartl., Etc.

Used Parts

Fruit

:

Dry Fruit, Fruit Which Is Dried, Large Fruit, Single Fruit, Small Fruit, Apple, Large Drupe, Small Drupe, Tamarinds, Husks of Plants, Small Fruit, Fruit of Large Plants, Blue Fruit, Flower, Root, Fruit of Small Plants , Pear, Fruit of Plants Which Bloom in Autumn, Fruit of Plants Which Bloom in Spring, Pod, Seeds, Fruit of Large Plants, Pod of Small Plants, Pod of Plants Which Bloom in Autumn, Fruit of Small Plants, Fruit Which is Dried

Cardamom Has Been Found in the Wild in India, Sri Lanka and Nepal, and Cultivated in Southern China and Bangladesh. Cultivated Plants Are Grown Throughout The Tropics For Their Fruits, Which Are Usually used in Cooking, and in Medicine as a Spice.

The American Cardamom Is a Hybrid Resulting From A Cross Bethaeen Indian Cardamom and Szechuan Cardamom (Costus Chinensis). It is disposal than either parent and has been widely distributed, although it has not always been popular.

Botany

Cardamom (Cardamomum Elettaria L. Var Cardamomum Sensu R.brown, A Variety of K. Officinal, at Variety of C.Ferum, A Variety of C.Pseudocapsicum) is a Perennial Herb with a Woody Rootstock and Stems, Generally about 12 cm ( 4.5 in.) Tall, Branched at the base. The Stems Have Both Lateral and Terminal Buds, The Former Being Paired, and the Terminal Ones Single, and Very Often Wanting. The Leaves Are About 2.5-4 cm (1-1.5 in.) Long, and Have Smooth Or Wavy Margins. There are three pairs of leaves on the stem, and these are opposite, with a few or many leflets. The Leaves Fall Early in the Year, Being Somewhat Leathery. The Flowers Are Borne on the Axils of the Leaves, in Clusters, and Have 5 Sepals and 5 Petals, with Stamens and Pistils. The Fruit is a Pod, Several Seeds Containing, Each with an Involucre of Tough, Thick-Walled Cells. The pod is conspicuous because of its bright scarlet colouring, appearing on the black-brown flowers. The pods are 8-9 cm (3-3.5 in.) long, of which 4-5 cm (1.5-2 in.) are seed. The Seeds Are Flat, Ovoid, Lanceolate, With Hard External, Thick-Walled, Brown Scales, and Soft, Plump, Light-Yellow Internal, Tender Cotyledons.

Cultivation

Care of the plant is simple. The main point to remember is that growth is very slow in the first year. Plants from seed, or nursery stock, should be pricked out in the spring of the second year to a temporary planting before they flower. Small plants are very susceptible to fle